Shopping for CBD in Maryland has been made easier given the recent review of its state laws increasing the availability of CBD both by online vendors and physical stores.
Since the legalization of hemp and its derivatives by the federal government in 2018, the CBD industry has experienced exponential growth. This paves the way for more research into CBD hemp and other cannabinoids. It further propagated the supply of hemp and the development of new products to fill a market gap. However, this growth was slowed by the slow adoption by individual states. As much as the Farmers bill legalized hemp and its constituents, it also gave states the legislative power to make amendments to the original act. However, Maryland had put some laws in place that allowed for state universities to do research in the cannabis field. Thus, in the wake of 2018, the nationwide adoption accelerated the cannabis industry in Maryland. CBD in Maryland can be purchased both from online sources and brick-and-mortar stores. However, there are certain caveats that one must be wary of.
What is CBD
CBD is a phytocannabinoid obtained from either hemp or marijuana. However, due to legal restrictions, hemp is mainly used in the commercial production of CBD oils. This has additional benefits as hemp naturally contains minuscule amounts of THC. THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, is closely related to CBD events, though the two cannabinoids differ in how they interact with the body. THC is psychoactive, whereas CBD not. In addition, THC has the potential for abuse due to dependency issues by its users.
In contrast, CBD is anxiolytic. Okusanya et al. (2020) found that this cannabinoid can be utilized to curb patients addicted to opioid analgesics. Moreover, Baswan et al. (2020) noted that CBD has numerous benefits, such as reducing acne’s effects, managing pain and inflammation, and helping manage some mental health issues. As earlier stated, CBD is mainly extracted from hemp using extraction processes such as carbon dioxide concentration, solvent extraction, and ethanol washing processes. These processes majorly yield three main types of hemp extracts, as discussed below.
Types of CBD Extracts
There are three main hemp extracts, as shown below:
Full-spectrum CBD is an extract that contains a variety of hemp plant extracts such as essential oils, terpenes such as limonene and mycromene, and other cannabinoids such as cannabichromene otherwise known as CBC, CBG, CBN, and a very small amount of tetrahydrocannabinol, THC. However, THC is regulated by law in the United States to 0.3% of total cannabinoid extracts from hemp. These small amounts are insufficient to produce a significant psychoactive effect on the user. Full-spectrum CBD is favored by individuals who want to benefit from all the hemp plant extracts. Ferber et al. (2020) also showed that full-spectrum CBD might have the ability to produce the ‘entourage effect, which is brought about by other components found in full-spectrum CBD. Terpenes such as caryophyllene lower the brain barrier to cannabinoids; thus, taking full spectrum CBD oils or tinctures maybe improve the brain’s reception of CBD and THC.
Broad spectrum CBD is a middle ground between full spectrum CBD and CBD isolates in that it contains all of the hemp plants extracts apart from THC, which is fully extracted. The broad spectrum includes terpenes, flavonoids, extra cannabinoids, and essential oils. It is recommended for individuals who prefer CBD oil without THC. It is also recommended for individuals prone to drug tests as ingesting full spectrum CBD oils may sometimes cause a false positive.
CBD isolate is a type of cannabidiol isolated from other hemp and marijuana-related products. CBD isolate oil is the purest form of CBD oil, with no additional cannabinoids or substances found in the cannabinoid plant. This is made possible by an extensive extraction process used to eliminate all the plant’s components except for CBD. High-quality CBD isolates are frequently over ninety-nine percent pure, depending on the method of extraction used. One main advantage of CBD isolate is its purity, which allows it to maintain its efficacy even when mixed with other items such as gummies and cookies.
What To Look for When Buying CBD In Maryland
As the rules regarding the sale of CBD are being eased and states are making modifications to the original Farmers bill, CBD products are being marketed as miracle makers. These are false claims, and one should shun such posts. However, whether buying CBD from an online store or a brick-and-mortar store, here are some guidelines on what to look for when purchasing CBD:
- High-quality CBD oil or products such as CBD capsules are often made from premium strains of hemp such as candy kush, cherry crème Brulee, and sour lifter. These organic hemp strains are specifically cultivated to achieve given ratios of CBD and other cannabinoids. They are often intended for a specific purpose, such as making nighttime capsules.
- Always ensure that you get organic hemp products, as these are guaranteed to give one the desired effects. CBD can be synthetic or natural, with the latter being addressed as a phytocannabinoid. By purchasing organic hemp, you are promoting local farmers and being environmentally conscious, as synthetic cannabinoids often require toxic chemicals to make CBD. In addition, it is illegal to purchase synthetic cannabinoids.
- Reputable brands frequently conduct lab tests to ensure that their products contain the labeled amounts on their products. In addition, these lab reports often indicate the presence of unwanted substances such as heavy metals and pesticides, which may have seeped into final CBD products.
CBD Regulations in Maryland
Various laws in Maryland take care of different aspects of hemp and CBD. These include general state regulations, farming regulations, and the sale and use of CBD in Maryland.
Sexton et al. (2016) noted that CBD oil is permitted in Maryland. Many of the crucial elements of the 2018 Farm Bill, which essentially legalized the development of hemp plants and hemp-derived products, precede many of the key CBD regulations in Maryland. Most significantly, in 2015, state legislators approved a bill that created a legal distinction between “industrial hemp” plants, which have trace quantities of THC and can legally be cultivated, harvested, processed, and sold in Maryland, and marijuana plants, which have more than 0.3% THC in them. After the Farm Bill was passed, this distinction allowed for the legal sale and purchase of CBD and CBD products made from low-THC hemp plants.
In 2015, legislative leaders adopted HB 803, which defined “industrial hemp” as plants with less than 0.3% THC by weight. HB 803 defined “marijuana” as plants with more than 0.3% THC. HB 803 legalized growing, possessing, selling, and buying industrial hemp. 2016 saw Maryland approve H B 443. This bill allowed educational institutions to grow hemp for study. In 2018, H B 698 expanded this law to allow industrial hemp grown under the state’s hemp program to be sold, distributed, transported, marketed, and processed in or outside the state.
Sale and Use of CBD in Maryland
If the CBD and CBD-derived products come from plants that comply with the legal definition of industrial hemp, it is now acceptable to buy, possess, and use them in Maryland. For people with qualifying medical conditions who register in Maryland’s medicinal marijuana program and are residents or non-residents of the state, medical marijuana is lawful. These patients are permitted to acquire, own, and use CBD and THC-containing products.
Buying CBD from Online Stores Versus Brick-and-Mortar Stores
The state still needs additional outlets to purchase cannabidiol even though there is a lot of buzz about CBD products. However, Baltimore, the state’s largest city, is where you may readily discover a few trustworthy shops. Finding items containing cannabidiol may be difficult in other Maryland cities. Other Maryland city storefronts include Annapolis, Rockville, Baltimore, and Ocean City, though it can be difficult to find a store in Ocean City. When buying from physical stores in Maryland, you can always look for licenses in the shops as it is a requirement. Additionally, confirm that the products on display are organic and have a certificate of analysis ready on request to ensure they are safe to consume.
Online Stores In Maryland
All hemp-derived products are legal under the 2014 Farm Bill, so you may get CBD oil online and deliver it anywhere in the US. CBD oil can be purchased online for the best price and convenience. Many online stores provide wholesale bargains and discounts, making their products enticing. With a large choice of CBD-infused products, it’s easy to get them. Check if the industrial hemp in a product is organic and non-GMO. CBD should be extracted with CO2, and the manufacturer should provide third-party lab testing.
Maryland was among the first states to adopt laws regarding CBD oil and hemp-related products. Its laws permit the use and sale of CBD oil if it is derived from hemp, legally defined as a cannabis plant with less than 0.3 percent of THC. You can purchase CBD-infused products from reputable online stores or physical stores distributed in major cities in Maryland.
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Ferber, S.G. et al., 2020. The “entourage effect”: Terpenes coupled with cannabinoids for the treatment of mood disorders and anxiety disorders. Current Neuropharmacology, 18(2), pp.87–96.
Sexton, M., Cuttler, C., Finnell, J. S., & Mischley, L. K. (2016). A Cross-Sectional Survey Of Medical Cannabis Users: Patterns Of Use And Perceived Efficacy. Cannabis And Cannabinoid Research, 1(1), 131-138.
Okusanya, B. O., Asaolu, I. O., Ehiri, J. E., Kimaru, L. J., Okechukwu, A., & Rosales, C. (2020). Medical Cannabis For The Reduction Of Opioid Dosage In The Treatment Of Non-Cancer Chronic Pain: A Systematic Review. Systematic Reviews, 9(1), 1-8.