The CBD industry is undergoing massive growth and acceptance as ongoing research shows it has potential benefits for human health. However, its spread and distribution have been hampered by various laws, which differ from state to state.
CBD and THC are the two most abundant cannabinoids, in addition to minor cannabinoids such as CBN, CBG, and CBDV. Cannabinoids interact with the body through the endocannabinoid system. This system comprises endocannabinoids, enzymes, and various receptors distributed around the body. CBD interacts with CB1 and CB2 receptors responsible for various body functions. However, THC is still designated as a controlled substance and is classified as a Schedule I substance making its use prohibited.
Furthermore, the recent amendments limit the acceptable amounts of THC in CBD products to 0.3%. Hemp extracts are mainly grouped as full spectrum, broad spectrum, and isolates. These are then used to make the various CBD products such as topicals, tinctures, oils, edibles, and vape and vape juices. These are discussed below as follows:
Forms of CBD Present
CBD products come in various forms that are administered differently to the body. These include edibles, sublingual, orals, topicals, vapes, and juices. These are discussed as follows:
Vaping is the process of turning liquid substances into vapor through the help of an electronic device to enable one to inhale the liquid. CBD vapes are made from a mixture of vegetable glycerin and propylene glycol combined in a specific ratio. This is the fastest method of administering CBD to the body as the vapor is absorbed into the bloodstream via the lungs. CBD vapes are suitable for high-stress situations and when one requires immediate results. However, this method of administration does not produce long-lasting effects and might not be useful if one requires long-term effects. CBD vapes are classified as either CBD vape juice or CBD flower and concentrate. Most vapes are made with a concentration ranging from five hundred milligrams to one thousand milligrams. Medical practitioners have no consensus regarding the dosage amount for optimal results.
A tincture is any medical substance suspended in an alcohol concentration of about seventy percent. CBD tinctures are made by mixing pure CBD oil with an alcohol solution. Tinctures can be administered through various methods such as sublingual, oral, and mixing with food. Sublingual administration is the most effective way of administering CBD tinctures because it takes a short amount of time to get into the bloodstream. According to Nguyen et al. (2021), oral administration of CBD produces effects lasting two to four hours longer than vaping or smoking CBD. It is suitable when one needs long-term effects. Droppers mostly accompany CBD products with clear markings. Place two or three drops of CBD tinctures under the tongue and hold it for approximately one to two minutes for maximum absorption. Three to four drops are enough when mixing with food as some tinctures will be lost through digestion.
CBD topicals are creams, lotions, balms, and salves infused with CBD that can be applied on the skin to administer CBD. The human skin is covered with endocannabinoid receptors responsible for various body functions, such as regulating cardiovascular nerves and immune system functions inside cells. Argueta et al. (2020) noted that CBD works with these endocannabinoid receptors, especially CBR-1 vanilloid receptors, to alleviate pain and provide relief. The study also showed that the transdermal application of CBD has various therapy applications, such as relieving arthritis pain-related behaviors and general inflammation. Cannabidiol topicals take a least thirty minutes before providing relief to the user. Adding CBD topicals to an individual’s morning routine can effectively boost one’s focus in the office. These creams can often be used after intense workouts to enable quick body recovery and reduce muscle aches and tear. CBD topicals are made from various CBD oils, affecting their effectiveness and appropriate dosages. Generally, it is recommended that one applies at least one hundred milligrams of CBD topicals to be effective. However, more research is necessary to assert these claims.
This is the most common method of taking CBD. CBD edibles are various substances infused with CBD and taken orally to deliver the cannabinoid to the bloodstream. Edibles take various forms, such as gummies, coffee, cakes, cookies, and sweets, which are then eaten. According to Vilches et al. (2021), this method of administration takes at least two hours to take effect, making it less effective for situations that require immediate relief. However, once digested, the CBD is released in small quantities to the bloodstream over time, providing long-term effects on the user. Edibles can be taken at any time of the day, making them a favorite among users. It is mostly recommended for individuals with type II diabetes and gastrointestinal issues. One can take at least two-three gummies, a cookie or two, or a piece of cake, or as they please since there are fewer risks of overdosing. However, taking any additional amount after at least four is advisable to allow previous ingestions to be fully digested and absorbed.
Cannabidiol oils are the most common form of CBD extracts available on the market. They are classified as either full, broad, or isolated depending on the extraction methods, presence of other compounds, and purity of the extract. Oils can be applied through various means such as applying on the skin, under the tongue, mixing with food, and submuscular sprays. CBD oils have a general life span of six months before they degrade. Tinctures, however, have a lifespan of at least two years, making them reliable for long-term use.
CBD Laws In Maine
In Maine, CBD oil is legal. To make the state’s hemp legislation compliant with the Farm Bill, the state passed Chapter 12 of the Maine Public Law 2019 (LD 630). The bill made hemp and items derived from it legal to grow, possess, move, and use inside the state. Maine government passed “Question 1” to decriminalize recreational marijuana for persons 21 years of age or older in the 2016 elections. The Marijuana Legalization Act was passed to legalize the production, handling, distribution, and use of marijuana and marijuana-derived CBD for persons age 21 and older. In addition, both CBD derived from hemp and CBD derived from cannabis are legal in the state.
The 2016 Marijuana Legalization Act (MLA) made it legal for people age 21 and older to cultivate, produce, process, distribute, and sell CBD derived from marijuana. The Act was revised in 2019, and the Office of Marijuana Policy (OMP) was created to oversee and license facilities that sell marijuana for adult use. The legal limit for marijuana goods, including CBD derived from marijuana, is two and a half ounces. However, marijuana and marijuana-related items are not allowed on federal property like national parks or open areas. Maine Public Law 2019 (LD 630), Chapter 12, authorized the state’s production, distribution, sale, and use of hemp and hemp-derived products. The bill also made it lawful to produce and sell food items that contain CBD from hemp.
Where To Buy CBD In Maine: Brick-And-Mortar Stores
Finding a reliable CBD provider in Maine shouldn’t be difficult. If you use medical marijuana, your designated dispensary or caregiver should be able to provide you with a good selection of options. You can still buy CBD online even if your doctor hasn’t given you the go-ahead, and you might be able to find industrial hemp products in vape shops, head shops, and natural health stores. In the United States, the CBD business is largely uncontrolled. So, before making a purchase, spend some time researching CBD firms.
More often than not, purchasing CBD from online vendors is always advisable. This is because they offer numerous advantages over brick-and-mortar stores. Miyatake et al. (2016) observed that online stores are generally cheaper in prices when compared to their physical counterparts. They generally have more offers and discounts, especially for new customers. In addition, most online stores offer free shipping costs for orders above fifty dollars, making it worthwhile to purchase CBD from online stores. The only disadvantage is the time you would have to wait for your order to arrive. Purchasing CBD from online stores comes with the benefit of choice. Numerous online stores are easy to find. In addition, there are numerous choices for a single product that one can choose from. This saves time in moving from one store to another. Finally, reputable online stores always contain links to certificates of analysis of their various products. This makes it easy to judge and evaluate the credibility of the product you are purchasing.
CBD is fully legal in Maine for individuals above the age of 21. In addition, the laws allow for the use of hemp and marijuana-derived CBD. However, it also limits the maximum amount of marijuana one can possess to two and a half ounces. The various forms of CBD products are topicals, edibles, oils, tinctures, vapes, and vape juices. When buying CBD, it is always best practice to purchase one from online stores as they have numerous advantages over physical stores
Argueta, D., Ventura, C., Kiven, S., Sagi, V., & Gupta, K. (2020). A Balanced Approach For Cannabidiol Use In Chronic Pain. Frontiers In Pharmacology, 11. Doi: 10.3389/Fphar.2020.00561
Miyatake, K., Nemoto, T., Nakaharai, S., & Hayashi, K. (2016). Reduction In Consumers’ Purchasing Cost By Online Shopping. Transportation Research Procedia, 12, 656-666.
Nguyen, L. C., Yang, D., Nicolaescu, V., Best, T. J., Ohtsuki, T., Chen, S. N., … & Rosner, M. R. (2021). Cannabidiol Inhibits SARS-Cov-2 Replication And Promotes The Host Innate Immune Response. Biorxiv.
Vilches, J. R., Taylor, M. B., & Filbey, F. M. (2021). A Multiple Correspondence Analysis Of Patterns Of CBD Use In Hemp And Marijuana Users. Frontiers In Psychiatry, 11, 624012.